It turned out that all Bill needed was a boost of confidence in the process. The foreman accomplished this by using evidence from the veteran planters to build expectation in his mind. Thus, the foreman demonstrated a second important principle associated with delivering expectational knowledge:

Expectational knowledge should aim to strengthen the belief in the trainee that the given course of action will yield successful results.

As we have seen from the different situations above, one important aspect of preparation is to build expectational knowledge up in the students. Building expectation of what will actually be done during the event intuitively increases the trainee's chances of success during the event. Bill's experience above leads me to hold to the position that expectational knowledge should aim to strengthen the belief in the trainee that the given course of action will yield successful results. Not the opposite (meaning as an intimidation tactic to gain some form of power and control over the trainee in their vulnerable state).

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