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11. Anxiety is an Inhibitor

First, their anxiety about the event should decrease because of expecational knowledge. Anxiety is that uneasy feeling that you have when you are not sure about what will happen. An ESL student might feel this way when they have to engage in a relatively complex information gathering task.

I learned this many years ago while teaching a group of students in a beginner ESL class. It was one of the first unsupervised courses that I taught after completing my pre-service English as a Second Language teaching qualification. There were only 6 students in the class, and all of the students had only been in Vancouver for about a week. One student had even just arrived the day before.

Can you imagine the feelings of anxiety this student might have had?

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10. Increasing Chances

You might even venture so far as to inform him that he will playing with and competing against players who are most likely 1 or 2 years older than him. You might advise him to get into as good of shape as he possibly can before the camp starts.

All of this information helps James build some kind of expectation in his mind, which can only help him succeed during the training camp. Although my description of a junior hockey camp is minimal, we can extract one very important element of preparation from this scenario.

What has anxiety got to do with expectation?

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9. Building Expectation

However, James has no idea what to expect from the camp. He only has his prior knowledge and experience to inform him, which may not yield him the advantage that he would need in order to get carded with the team.

If James' mom or dad hired you as a personal coach, how might you build up expectation within his mind? In other words, what information would you give James so that his chances of success are maximized? You might first sit down with him and talk about what it takes to become a junior hockey player.

Telling him that junior hockey players are tough might raise his awareness of some of the things he will need to do in order stand his ground. Detailed knowledge of the team he is trying out for will also probably benefit you as a coach and James' as a player. Supposing you know that the coach is looking for a quick forward who grinds in the corners.

You might relay this to James so that he might be motivated to work on puck control in tight situations instead of practicing rushing up the open ice all the time. You could suggest drills for James to do both on and off the ice to practice this skill so that he is able to show the coach that he is the kind of player that can help the team.

You would also probably tell him that only a small proportion of those in the provincial minor hockey leagues actually make it to junior. You might even venture so far as to inform him that he...

Anything else that you might tell him about?

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8. Prior Knowldege

Or junior coaches might be searching for a smart defensive minded player to play behind their returning veteran goal scorers. If James was a prolific goal scorer in minor hockey, he might need to concentrate more on defensive positioning and back checking during the hockey camp in order to impress the coaches and make the cut.

One more bit of general information about junior hockey camps that stands out is the general acceptance of fighting at this stage. Now, I don't necessarily condone fighting, but this expectation seems universal among coaches and players alike all over Canada. James has probably never been in a hockey fight in minor hockey. He would need to be aware that this aggressive act may be directed against him during the camp.

The dressing room culture in junior hockey is even different. Players are older and often have more experience. They talk about different things, approach social situations in different ways and even sometimes display acts of bullying. However, James has no idea what to expect from the camp. He only has his prior knowledge and experience to inform him, which may not...

Do you think this might be an advantage or disadvantage?

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7. Reduce Anxiety

We begin with some fictional scenarios both within and extraneous to ESL teaching and learning in which preparation leads to favorable results. I will then promote three key principles of preparation to consider and build a website centered around these. Finally, we will provide a guide for you the teacher to start your PFT binder and produce your own Watch Me Teach video to promote your own teaching services to students.

James is an aspiring 16 year old hockey player who gets invited to a major junior hockey training camp. If you are familiar with Canadian hockey culture, you will be aware that these camps are a grueling test of both physical and mental strength in addition to a meticulous evaluation of a player's talent and toughness. In addition, junior hockey coaches often look for specific types of players to best complete their team roster in order to win.

For example, coaches might be looking for more speed up front to balance their existing toughness. During the try-out, they may decide to set particular drills to assess this particular skill. James may or may not have seen these drills in his minor hockey practices, where the coaches are often volunteers who have attended basic hockey coaching camps to ensure players receive minimally adequate practice and skill development.

Or junior coaches might be searching for...

What else might they be looking for?

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Step 6: Sign Up

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Step 5: IELTS Speaking Course

The A Mark IELTS Speaking Short Course contains three online preparation modules (FREE). After each online preparation module, you take the live class with a teacher from the A Mark Teacher Roster. Start today.

Module #1: Just Start contains 5 lessons in both the full course and the short course. You learn key language for the Part 1 of the IELTS speaking module during your online preparation and receive an assessment after the training session in your live class.
Module #2: Go for Green Flags introduces questions and language strategies to be used in Part 2 and Part 3 of the IELTS speaking module. A range of topics and language strategies are provided to be studied prior to attending the live class.
Module #3: Prepare for Class continues to provide a range of lessons focusing on all three parts of the IELTS speaking test. This marks the middle of the A Mark IELTS Speaking Full Course and the final live class of the A Mark IELTS Speaking Short Course.
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Step 4: Orientation Session Guide

Learn about the full A Mark IELTS Speaking Course in the free Orientation Session Guide. The Orientation Session Guide (PDF) contains everything you need to know before you decide to start with the A Mark IELTS Speaking Course.

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Step 3: Get Feedback

After you complete all of the preparation lessons in the module before class, you choose IELTS Speaking tasks to practice with your teacher. Your teacher will use the the Module #1 PFT Assessment Sheet to provide feedback to your speaking tasks.

  • You request feedback from the PFT Website the day before your class.
  • You fill out the PFT Assessment Sheet beforehand and hand it to your teacher at the beginning of your class.
  • You check in on the PFT Mobile Application when the class starts, and you check out on the PFT Mobile Application after you receive the PFT Assessment Sheet back from your teacher.
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Step 2: Prepare for class

You prepare for your live classes with the PFT website. Your class follows the A Mark 30 Live Class format.

  • The live class can be taken in a coffee shop, in school classroom or over the internet.
  • You complete and submit lessons on the PFT website before coming to your live class.
  • You choose which IELTS speaking questions you would like feedback to from your teacher before coming to class.
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Step 1: Start your Preparation

Start preparing for your first live class with the A Mark IELTS Speaking Course today with the PFT website. You complete and submit lessons on the PFT website, request feedback from your teacher and take the class using the training session materials on the website. The PFT website is the best way for you to prepare for class because

  • the lessons are organized, which helps you make a clear objective.
  • there are teacher notes, which means that your teacher is better able to give useful feedback during your class.
  • the website contains over 100 interview videos and 150 sample IELTS tasks*
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*A Mark Training Co. is not associated with IELTS. We have constructed sample tasks based on the published past exams and official website at www.IELTS.org

Just Start

Do you need your IELTS Speaking Score?  Take the A Mark IELTS Speaking Course and move forward toward your goal.  In my opinion, in order to prepare well for the test, you need three things.

  1. You need a way to organize your study before you get to your class.
  2. You need a teacher who understands your speaking goals in each class and helps you by giving you feedback so that you can move forward.
  3. You need to watch IELTS Speaking exercise videos and study a range of sample IELTS questions from all three parts.
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